Types of service-learning activities include direct service, indirect service, advocacy, and community-based research. Who is served, and how they are served, distinguishes the different types.
Direct service activities require personal contact with people in need. These types of activities are generally the most rewarding as students, while in the process of helping others, receive immediate positive feedback.
Examples include students' working with senior citizens or reading to small children in intergenerational projects.
Direct service teaches students to take responsibility for their actions. They also learn that they make a difference by making a difference.
Community-based Research (CBR) is defined as a partnership of students, faculty, and community partners who collaboratively engage in research with the purpose of solving a pressing community problem or effecting social change.
Typical CRB projects include faculty, students and community partners working together to focus local attention on pressing community needs.
They might also include researching and evaluating new programs, evaluating and assessing existing programs, or creating qualitative and quantitative research tools.