Pedagogical Content Knowledge

Pedagogical content knowledge combines content and pedagogical expertise within a content area in order to employ appropriate instructional strategies that successfully address the most common misconceptions of students; the most difficult concepts for students; the most effective sequencing of concepts; important relevant connections; and the most crucial knowledge and skills students should master by the end of a course.

Female in white lab coat examining beaker contents

Knowledge of Content

Your knowledge and beliefs about the purposes and goals for teaching in your content area form the backbone for your orientation to teaching the content.

Knowledge of Instructional Strategies

Research has identified teaching best practices and assessment best practices that support student success.

Knowledge of Students

Teaching requires a solid knowledge of the learners in front of you. What motivates them? Where do they struggle?

Research and Resources

Exploring research that has increased understanding of how instructors problem solve and make decisions.

Related Teaching Tips

Leading Class Discussions

Class discussions provide a framework for students to think critically—out loud—about topics being covered in class. They also provide an opportunity to gauge how well your students are comprehending course concepts, assignments, and outside readings.

Properly facilitated, classroom discussions foster a sense of academic community, one in which students may openly share their thoughts and ideas as well as express, defend and explore differing opinions.

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