Feedback and Assessment
Student assessment exists in two forms: summative and formative. Summative assessment occurs at the end of a unit or assignment and evaluates students’ learning against a benchmark or standard. Formative assessments and low-stakes assignments inform instructors and students of how much, and to what extent, content or skills are mastered; they are frequent and ongoing. Teaching strategies can then be adjusted to meet students’ needs. Integrating a variety of assessment strategies provides all students with multiple opportunities to succeed.
An instructor’s responsibility to students is to provide structure to the course so that assessments are directly linked to course objectives and instruction.
Instructors often conflate evaluation, praise, and feedback. They are, however, distinctly different and serve different purposes.