Delivering the Goods
Introducing the Lesson
As you build your lesson plan, allot some front-end time to review concepts, skills and ideas, probe and assess your students’ grasp of the material, and clarify any confusion or misconception they may have. You might even ask one of your students to summarize previous material: It will help focus everyone’s attention on the upcoming lesson.
If there is going to be an activity and/or discussion component, block out a few minutes to outline the day’s agenda on the board; this could be a handout as well, something to provide an overview of what your students can expect to be exposed to by the end of class. From there you can segue right into your delivery.
Sequencing Your Delivery
Review the lecture, activity, and discussion components you've decided on and determine just how they should be sequenced. What instructional components come first, second, third, and so on? These need to fit hand-in-glove with your objectives. You must decide in what orderthey will most effectively be met.
While deciding the sequencing, consider the teaching materials you plan on using and/or handing out to your students. Their presentation needs to dovetail seamlessly with your delivery so plan your transitions ahead of time: What are you going to say or do as you move toward your conclusion?
Hint: Some instructors find it useful to actually script out transition statements ahead of time. This helps avoid any on-the-spot pressure when guiding students from one point to the next, from concept to concept, activity to activity, or back and forth between lecture and discussion components. This is where a handout outlining the day's agenda will come in handy.
Concluding the Lesson
Many students won’t grasp the connections between your instructional objectives and the various components of your lesson plan until it’s over. Conclusions reinforce these important connections and help students anticipate the objectives of the next class.
Try to leave your students with as lasting an impression as possible. Summarize the information covered in terms everyone will understand, show how it builds upon previous lessons and then, lay a foundation for the next.
NOTE: For a more comprehensive guide about creating lesson plans, please see Creating Lesson Plans, a TILT Teaching Guide.